ASCII - Stands for "American
Standard Code for Information Interchange". ASCII is
a set of 128 alphanumeric and special control characters.
Most emails are sent as ASCII text. ASCII files are also
known as plain text files.
Use Policy (AUP) - A document explaining the
conditions for using a site or network.
- See "Acceptable Use Policy"
Responders - Email messages that are set to
automatically reply when someone sends a message to a
certain email address. You might make an auto responder
for email@example.com, so that anyone who emails
that address would automatically receive a message that
read: "Thank you for your interest in XYZ Company.
Your email has been received, and we will respond
Backbone - A central network
connecting other networks together.
- Used to describe the amount of data that can be sent
through a circuit. The greater the bandwidth, the greater
the amount of data that can travel in a given time period.
- One eighth of a byte. In
abbreviations, it is represented by a lower-case
"b" to distinguish it from a byte, which is
symbolized by a capital "B".
- See "Border Gateway Protocol"
- See "Web Browser"
- 8 bits of data. In abbreviations, it
is represented by a capital "B" to distinguish
it from a byte, which is symbolized by a lower-case
Gateway Protocol (BGP) - Intelligent routing software
which can identify which path is the most efficient for
each data packet, and then route the packet to its
destination on the fastest path.
CGI - See "Common Gateway Interface"
- See "IRC"
- A program that connects to and requests information from
Gateway Interface (CGI) - A method of running an
executable program from a web site to generate dynamic
content. Normally, a CGI script is a small program that
manipulates data from a web server. It might take the
content of a form and put it into an e-mail message, or
convert data into a database query. netbasiks.com
CGI scripts, but many hosting companies do not.
- A short file, put on your system by a web page, which
may keep track of you, your preferences, and your surfing
habits. A cookie might remember the horoscope sign you
looked up or the city for which you requested the weather,
so the next time you visit the site, you wont have to
search for this information. Cookies can make surfing the
Internet more personal, and more efficient, but they can
also be used to collect your e-mail address for marketing
purposes. You can decide whether you want to accept
cookies or not by going into your web
browser's advanced settings.
- Stands for "Central Processsing Unit". Your
CPU is your computer's processor. Intel Pentium, Sun Sparc,
and Digital Alpha are examples of CPUs.
Dedicated Server - A web server which can be
purchased or leased in its entirety, rather than by
segment. For individuals or companies who require more
space, speed, or control. This is an alternative to Virtual
Name - A unique name that identifies an Internet site.
A site does not require a domain name, but it does make it
easier for visitors to remember a site's location. (See IP
Encrypt - To code data.
Credit card and social security numbers are encrypted so
they can be sent securely over a network.
- A method of networking computers in a local area
File Transfer Protocol. (FTP) - The Internet
protocol that enables you to transfer files between your
system and another system. In order to put a web page on
the Internet, you must FTP the files to your server.
Page Extensions - Server side programs that enable
Front Page users to utilize the progam's special
- See "File Transfer Protocol"
GBps - Stands for gigabytes
- See "Global Center"
- Stands for Graphical Interchange Format. Gif is a
graphic format that can only support 256 colors, or 8
bits. It is a good format for graphics with small text,
and can be used to make animated images.
(GB) - One billion bytes.
Center (GC) - A Tier 1 provider whose
13,000-mile fiber optic network and Dense Wave Division
Multiplexing (DWDM) technology provide an enormous 460
gigabytes per second of capacity worldwide. They have an
ATM fiber node located just a few floors below the netbasiks.com
Network Operation Center.
HTML - See "Hypertext
Markup Language (HTML) - The coding language used to
create documents for use on the World Wide Web.
IP Address (Internet Protocol Address)
- A unique number which describes a site's location on the
Internet. Normally, IP addresses are tied with a domain
name which is easier to remember. A visitor can access
a site by typing in either the IP Address, like 188.8.131.52,
or a domain name, like netbasiks.com
- Stands for "Internet Relay Chat". IRC is
the system which allows Internet users to communicate in
real time using a text-based system. IRC is not permitted
on our servers.
Java - A programming language,
developed by Sun Microsystems, that is used with web pages
to create applets that will run on different platforms. It
- A scripting language, developed by Netscape, for writing
used to make menu trees, mouseovers, pop-up alerts, and
much more. It has little to do with Java.
Stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPG is a
graphic format that was specifically made for images with
more than 256-color images. Although JPGs are a good way
to compress large graphics, image quality often suffers.
KBps - Kilobytes per second.
- 1024 bytes.
LAN - See "Local Area Network"
- A free Unix-type operating
system, originally created by Linus Torvalds. Linux is
frequently run on Internet backbones
and World Wide Web servers because
it is extremely stable, includes true multitasking,
has built-in TCP/IP networking, and
was designed to be used by many people at the same time.
For more information about Linux, visit www.linux.org
Area Network (LAN) - A data communications network,
which is geographically limited to an immediate area,
usually the same building or floor of a building.
Megabyte - Roughly one million bytes.
- Stands for "Musical Instrument Digital
Interface". Midi is a high quality audio file format.
- Stands for "Multipurpose Internet Mail
Extensions". Mime is a protocol that allows email
messages to contain various types of non-ASCII
media like audio, video, and images.
Site: An alternate Internet site that visitors can be
directed to if the primary site is busy. A mirror site
contains copies of all the files stored at the primary
- Short for "Modulator-demodulator devices".
Modems allow computers to transmit information to one
another via an ordinary telephone line.
- The ability of an operating system to
do several tasks at one time.
- A database server, normally used with PHP,
which gives Internet users a way to access information
stored in a database.
Name Server - A computer
that maps domain names to IP
News Transfer Protocol - The protocol that defines
communication methods between news servers
and news clients.
- Four bits or half a byte.
- See "Network News Transfer Protocol"
- Stands for "Network Operations Center"
OC-3 - Stands for Optical Carrier Level 3. OC-3 is
a circuit that transmits 155 megabits per second.
- Stands for Optical Carrier Level 12. OC-12 is a
circuit that transmits 622 megabits per second.
- Stands for Optical Carrier Level 24. OC-24 is a
circuit that transmits 1.244 gigabits per second.
- Stands for Optical Carrier Level 48. OC-48 is a
circuit that transmits 2.488 gigabits per second. This is
the size of the largest Internet backbone providers'
networks and is the connection that netbasiks.com
- On the same network
System (OS) - The basic software running on a
computer, underneath things like word processors and
- See "Operating System"
Parking a Domain - The process by which a domain
name is registered under someone's name
- A scripting/programming language, commonly used for
writing CGI programs to be run from a
- A scripting language for writing short programs embedded
PHP commands are executed on the web server, making it
browser independant. The web browser only sees the
resulting HTML output of the PHP code.
a Domain - When a new domain name is pointed to an
existing domain name or IP
- See "Post Office Protocol - Version 3"
Office Protocol -Version 3 (POP3) - The protocol which
e-mail software uses to get mail from a mail server.
Qwest Communications - A tier 1 provider who comes
into Baltimore with an OC-12 line, and plans to upgrade
their connection to an OC-48 in the near future. They also
have an ATM fiber node 14 floors below the netbasiks.com
Network Operations Center. The Qwest connection enables netbasiks.com
to offer additional redundancy and better
routes to Europe, Latin America, and Asia.
Raw Log Files - A list of the connections and error
occurrences on your page, before they are organized into site
- A special-purpose computer (or software package) that
"routes" the path of data between 2 or more
computers or networks. Routers identify which path is the
most efficient for each data packet, and then route the
packet to its destination on the fastest path. netbasiks.com
uses a state-of-the-art software package
called Border Gateway Protocol.
Secure Shell - A method of telnetting
in to a Unix server, over a secure
connection, in order to keep the session private. Because
the data is being encrypted, it is
usually a little slower.
Sockets Layer (SSL) - A that allows for
"secure" passage of data between a browser and a
- A networked computer that responds to requests submitted
by a client. Often, servers store
files, programs, and other data that may require too much
memory to run on a client's system. Companies which host
websites, like netbasiks.com, provide space on their
servers for their customers' website data.
Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) - The Internet standard
for transferring mail.
Statistics - A list of the connections and error
occurrences on your page. netbasiks.com's
panel allows a member to check their site information by
day, month, or year.
- Stands for "Serial Line Internet Protocol"
SLIP is a protocol which allows you to use a dial-up
connection as an Internet connection.
- See "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
- Junk e-mail. Spamming is when someone sends the same
message to a large number of users, usually to advertise
something. It is an inappropriate use of bandwidth, which
slows down the network and is generally annoying to be on
the receiving end of. Many hosts, like netbasiks.com, will
discontinue service if a customer is caught spamming.
- See "Secure Shell"
T-1 - A network connection capable of carrying data
at 1,544,000 bits-per-second. T-1 is the fastest speed
commonly used to connect networks to the Internet.
- A network connection capable of carrying data at
- Stands for "Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol". TCP/IP is the foundation of the Internet.
It defines how computers exchange information with
eachother and is the basis for transmitting and routing
data packets on the Internet.
- A protocol for logging onto remote computers from
anywhere on the Internet.
UNIX - A set of standards for operating
systems, like Linux. For more
information about Unix, visit the Delphi
- To transfer a file from your computer system to another
Virtual Hosting - A
hosting option that allows a company or individual to
lease part of a server to store their website's data,
rather than pay for an entire machine with more space than
Web Browser - The program,
like Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer, that allows
you to surf the web.